No More Fed Bailouts? Prepare for the Stock Market’s Next Big Risk
For much of this year, a group of commenters on my popular YouTube channel has been advising me not to “fight the Fed.”
To them, it doesn’t matter if stock prices are going up mainly because of the Federal Reserve’s response to the pandemic.
The last decade proves that’s what the Fed does, they say. So we may as well roll with it.
Fair enough. If stocks with triple-digit price-to-earnings ratios keep going up, most investors don’t care why. And I don’t deny that my stock recommendations for The Bauman Letter and Alpha Stock Alert have benefited immensely.
But what if the Fed stops fighting?
Many in the “don’t fight the Fed” crowd believe the nation’s central bank is in cahoots with Wall Street, and will do whatever it takes to keep the latter happy.
I admit to some sympathy for that view. I don’t think it’s a conspiracy, but most Fed policymakers got their start on Wall Street and are of that culture. And the big banks control the financial system, a fact that gives them a lot of leverage.
But not everyone at the Fed is happy to keep bailing out Wall Street.
Some of the Fed’s biggest voices are sounding the alarm about the damaging distortions caused by Fed policy.
And if the upcoming election produces a government less sympathetic to Wall Street, those voices could become dominant.
That could mean next year will bring big changes to the stock market … and how we investors make money from it.
Rumbles of Discontent at the Fed
Minneapolis Fed President Neel Kashkari is no fan of current Fed policy.
“We can’t just keep doing what we’ve been doing,” he said recently. “As soon as there’s a risk that hits, everybody flees and the Federal Reserve has to step in and bail out that market, and that’s crazy. And we need to take a hard look at that.”
Fed Governor Lael Brainard thinks the Fed’s constant bailouts are driving irresponsible risk-taking. Current policy is “increasing risk appetite, reach-for-yield behavior and incentives for leverage.”
Brainard said the resulting asset bubbles increase instability and inequities between companies that can access Fed support and those that can’t … as well as between rich and poor. These imbalances could force the Fed to raise interest rates before the economy is ready, tipping it into a recession.
But the solution isn’t necessarily higher interest rates.
Fred Rosengren, Boston Fed chief, said: “If you want … low interest rates for a long time, you want robust financial supervisory authority in order to be able to restrict the amount of excessive risk-taking occurring at the same time.”
In other words … low interest rates require more regulation.
The Fed and Washington, D.C.: Besties?
Even though it might mean higher taxes, they would be more than offset by federal government spending, which would stimulate the economy and boost profits.
But Rosengren’s comment about “robust financial supervisory authority” to address “excessive risk-taking” overlaps with another item on the Democratic agenda … stricter regulation of Wall Street. It’s easy to envision the Fed and Washington joining forces to do exactly that.
To better understand the impact this could have on the stock market, let’s review the two pillars of current Fed policy that led to this excessive risk-taking:
- Credit Market Interventions: The Fed intervened to prevent the value of corporate debt from collapsing and driving companies into bankruptcy. That prompted near-bankrupt companies to issue even more debt. Meanwhile, thousands of companies too small for corporate debt markets are facing bankruptcy because they can’t get any credit at all.
- Low Interest Rates: Since the great financial crisis, the Fed has suppressed interest rates, causing investors to abandon bonds in favor of stocks. But since stocks are subject to unpredictable risks — like COVID-19 — the Fed must intervene repeatedly to prevent stock prices from falling and wiping out overleveraged financial markets. To make matters worse, soaring stock valuations have increased inequality since the top 10% of U.S. households own nearly all stocks.
What This Could Mean for Investors
If the Fed, Congress and the White House align behind stricter regulation of the financial system — with interventions designed to address the side effects I described above — I see two potential results for which smart investors will prepare.
No. 1: We can expect the Fed to back off from corporate credit markets. That would increase the importance of fundamentals — especially cash flow and balance sheets — for companies’ stock prices.
Companies that can’t generate enough revenue to service their own debt and future growth would be punished by the stock market. And the days of making a speculative killing by buying companies in or near bankruptcy would be over.
No. 2: The Fed desperately wants to erase its reputation as the stock market’s guardian angel. That’s not its mandate. The perception has undermined public confidence. For their part, the Democrats have promised to address massive and growing inequalities between stock investors and everyone else.
If the Democrats enact huge fiscal stimulus, the Fed will feel it has political cover to relax its commitments to keep interest rates low. That will spook the stock market immensely.
The result will be an increase in volatility.
Smart investors will still be able to make money in the stock market … but they’ll have to do it the old-fashioned way, by identifying strong companies with competitive business models and robust future earnings. Buying and holding the latest buzzy stock ticker isn’t going to cut the mustard.
And tomorrow in Bauman Daily, my colleague Clint Lee will offer a suggestion as to where to start to profit off this coming volatility!
Editor, The Bauman Letter
An economist by training, I grew up in the U.S. but emigrated to South Africa in the mid-1980s where I became deeply involved in the development and implementation of post-apartheid economic and urbanization policy. During the 90s and 2000s, I was a consultant to a variety of entities, including African and European governments and the United Nations.